A photograph of a garden pathway that disappears into the plating scheme.


Once you’ve decided on a layout that suits your needs and incorporates all your activity areas, you can begin finalising you garden design ideas.   It is important to include all the information from your survey, analysis and research that you have done.  This will help you ensure that you make informed decisions about your final design.

When designing begin from a logical starting point.  Begin by planning for practical requirements.

  •     Pathway to garden shed.
  •     Landsform modifications.
  •     Find solutions to any drainage problems
  •     Walk through the garden to help determine traffic flow.
  •     Plot out the natural paths of movement you use to progress between the different areas.
  •     Develop planting area shape.


Tip: Think of your garden space as a journey.  Even if your space is small you will circulate between one area and another.  For instance a simple trip to the shed can bring you into contact with different elements of your garden; planting, surfaces, textures, scents focal points etc.

You will by now have decided your themes and styles for your garden, but probably do not know what planting needs to be done.  This is OK.  Choosing the plants that go in your garden is among the  last decisions that you will make.  It is more important at this stage to decide the basic elements.  For instance at this stage chose a tree for shading, a hedge to focus attention on a focal point or where you want your flowerbeds to be.  You can decide on the species and varieties you want to plant in them later.

We will now, in the following pages, go on to the finer details of the design process and the different areas within your garden that need attention, in order to create a complete coherent design.  It is best if you take the following pages step by step, having of course already read and understood the guide as a whole.