It is an excellent idea to gain an understanding of these basic Principles of Design prior to the creation of your Garden Design Plan. It is worth noting that although you should gain an understanding of these principles, it may not be necessary to apply them all to your own particular design.

The principles of design are somewhat like a set of rules.  If you follow them you will stand a better chance of getting there.  Like drivining on the correct side of the road, if you choose to do it, your level of success in arriving at your desitation is much higher than if you chose to drive on the other side.

The good news is that you probably understand most of these principles already, and that they are easy and fun to learn.

The Garden Design Principles set out here are as follows:

  • Unity of appearance, which helps you to achieve a coherent design.
  • Balance, which will ensure that the various elements in your design work together visually to achieve a pleasing visual weight in relation to each other.
  • Transition, which helps you make logical and satifying changes from one part of your design scheme to another.
  • Focalisation, which help you to draw attention to elements or areas within your garden that you want people to see.
  • Proportion, which will help you to keep the various design elements such as plantings, hard materials and buildings looking well in relation to each other,
  • Rhythm, which like a piece of music will help to set up a pleasing visual melody in your garden.
  • Repetition, where you will learn that by repeating certain elements such as plantings or hard landscape materials you will help to unify and achieve a very effective simplicty in your design
  • Simplicity, which will help you to see that by literally keeping things simple, you will create a garden that is highl effective from a visual and usability viewpoint.