Texture in your garden design plan describes the surface quality that can be seen or felt. Texture can be roughly divided into three categories; course, medium and fine. Course texture creates a rough and on occasion messy appearance, while fine textures give a clean and smooth feel.


Leaf Texture Giverny, France.


Paving Texture, Brittany, France.


Gravel Texture,  Scotland.


Plant Texture, Brittany, France. 

Plants of course also have physical texture; this can be used to describe the quality of the leaves or bark, as well as the different proportions between the leaves, twigs and branches in different plant species.  A few well placed trees in design plan will allow you and visitors to you garden to move right up and touch the tree bark.  You will walk on surfaces that have different textures and your fences, walls hedges and other enclosures will similarly have surface variations that you can use to very good effect.When we think about texture we commonly think about the tactile qualities that this provides for us.  The sense of touch is the first think that comes to mind when we think of surfaces in the garden that have different textural qualities.  While it is true that our sense of touch is engaged by texture, there is also a huge visual benefit.  For instance how a relatively simple planting scheme is arranged can tell us an enormous amount.  Imagine some shrubs or small trees at the rear of a scheme with some herbaceous perennials in front, and a well maintained lawn in the foreground.  The trees and shrubs at the rear will give you something ranging from a rough to medium texture, visually that is.  The herbaceous plantings will generally be fine in textural terms and the lawn will have a very fine, smooth texture.  You can of course go and touch all this plant material, but from a visual point of view the textures of these groupings add value to their form in term of the jobs that you are asking them to do in your garden plan